The website "Learning from History" is a publication platform
for educational projects (realized in schools
and in out-of-school, youth education)
dedicated to the history of Poland and its neighbors in the 20th century and human rights
The problem of refugees yesterday and today: case study of DP camps
Location / Region: Moscow
Institution: Nataly Polkovnikova – Learning Module
Patron / Project supervision: Nataly Polkovnikova – Learning Module
Project authors: Nataly Polkovnikova – Learning Module
Age group: Mixed group
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Contact:

Natalia Polkovnikova  

Introductory remarks

The Learning Module cosist of 3 interactive lessons about the history of DP camps and a guided tour to memorial place and exhibition of Museum in Bergen-Belsen conected to discussions on feelings after visit of memorial place and topics related to the question of history of DP camps which are prepared by the students in advance. 

Sources to the Learning Module can be downloaded on the right side of the Website under "Documents".

Lesson 1 - 1h 20 min

Aims:

1) Introductory lesson about the history of DP camps - refreshment or deepening of knowledge which students already have.

2) To show the importance (but underestimation!) of DP-camps as a big consequence of the Second World War.

Topic:

Introduction to the history of DP camps: definition, geographical location (scope), different groups of people, how did people become DPs, etc.

Materials:

1) Maps

2) Photos

3) Excerpts of video of survivors’ interviews.

Methods:

Part I. Lecture (40 min)

Part II (40 min). Watching a video or reading an excerpt from the diary/memoir and discussion of the problem of DP camps. 

Home task for groups: the teacher creates the list of topics related to one aspect of life in DP-camp (work, education, living conditions, etc), groups of students choose one topic and prepare a Power Point presentation which is based on different kinds of materials for the next class.

 

Lesson 2 - 1h 20 min

Aims:

1) To give students a chance to understand independently the pros and cons of life in DP camp («+» improvement of living conditions after the war and «a place to hide», «-» no other place to go to).

2) By working independently in groups while preparing presentation and by listening and discussing other presentations students may comprehend the material on a deeper level.

Topic:

Life in DP camp: work, living conditions, education, families, etc.

Materials:

Students may use all the materials they want: videos, diaries, research literature, etc.

Methods:

1) Independent work of students’ groups at home while preparing presentation.

2) The discussion of presentations in the class. 

 

Lesson 3 - 1h 20 min

Aims:

Part I. Continuation of lecture course in order to deepen the knowledge on the topic. 

Part II.To show the existence of refugees’ problem today and violation of Human Rights.

Topic:

Part I. Life after DP camp: desire to emigrate, refusal to host refugees by the government of various countries and forced repatriation.

Part II. Problem of refugees today (Palestine camps in Lebanon, Syria refugees, Fortress Europe, etc)

Materials:

Part I. 1) Official documents (Constitution of International Refugee Organization, UDHR (Articles 13-15 about the freedom of movement)). 2) Excerpts from diaries/memoirs about emigration process and problems.

Part II. Newspaper articles.

Methods:

Part I. Lecture about the reasons and difficulties during emigration process from DP camp (40 minutes).

Part II. Group work.

Students are divided in groups, the teacher hands out to each group newspaper article about refugees in different countries nowadays  and students have to discuss the violation and defence of refugees rights today and present it (40 minutes).

 

3 hour-guided tour and 2 hour workshop:

Aims:

To give a chance to students to feel everything what has been discussed/read/shown before at the classes and to form a better understanding,compassion and empathy on the memorial site.

Topic:

Life before, during and after DP camp.

Refugees today.

Materials:

All the materials needed for the 1st part of this tour are available in the Museum of Bergen-Belsen (exhibition itself and headphones+ screens showing survivors and their stories).

Methods:

Part I. Guided tour in Bergen-Belsen (visit of memorial place and exhibition of Museum) (3 hours). 

Part II. Workshop: a) discussion of feelings after visit of memorial place.

b) discussion of topics related to the question of history of DP camps which are prepared by the students in advance (2 hours).

Photo: Hannie, 1946, Diepholz Germany, UNRRA Displaced Persons Camp, DPAC (Transit Camp No.36 British Zone).

Tags:
Didactic text

Lesson about the history of DP camps have the aim of deepening of knowledge of the pros and cons of life in DP camp. The trainer wants to show the importance (but underestimation!) of DP-camps as a big consequence of the Second World War. Finally the trainer wants to show the existence of refugees’ problem today and violation of Human Rights. With the 3 hour-guided tour and 2 hour ...

Documents
Methodologhy
Workshop (group work with a trainer)
Movie analysis
Interpreting historical documents
Interpreting photographs
Concluding a discussion
Subjects
Human rights